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About this site

The United States is a major developer of natural resources. The Department of the Interior (DOI) collects billions of dollars in annual revenue from companies that lease federal lands and waters in order to develop oil, gas, or mineral resources. These revenues are disbursed to the U.S. Treasury, other federal agencies, states, Native American tribes, and individual Native American mineral owners.

This site provides data and contextual information about how natural resources and their revenues are managed in the U.S.

Who’s involved

Congress passes laws to govern the extraction of natural resources and the fiscal management of resulting revenue. Federal agencies develop regulations and rules to implement and enforce those laws. DOI has primary responsibility for implementing the relevant statutes and regulations in consultation with other federal agencies.

U.S. Department of the Interior Seal

Department of the Interior (DOI)

DOI protects and manages the nation’s natural resources and cultural heritage; provides scientific and other information about those resources; and honors its trust responsibilities or special commitments to Native Americans, Alaska Natives, and affiliated island communities.

U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management Seal

Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

BLM manages exploration, development, and production of natural resources on federal lands, including lease sales and the permitting and licensing processes. BLM also ensures that developers and operators comply with requirements and regulations. BLM collects revenue in the form of bonus bids, first year rentals, and fees.

U.S. Department of the Interior Office of Surface Mining Seal

Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE)

OSMRE implements requirements of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act by working with states and tribes to ensure that citizens and the environment are protected during coal mining and that land is restored to beneficial use when mining is finished. OSMRE and its partners are also responsible for the Abandoned Mine Land reclamation program, which aims to reclaim and restore lands and waters degraded by mining operations before 1977.

BOEM Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Seal

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)

BOEM manages responsible ocean energy development in federal submerged lands, including leasing, plan administration, environmental analysis, resource evaluation, economic analysis, and the renewable energy program. BOEM also updates leasing regulations for the Outer Continental Shelf.

BSEE Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement Seal

Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE)

BSEE is responsible for safety oversight of ocean energy development and production, including permitting and inspections, regulatory programs, and oil spill response. BSEE also updates rules governing operations on the Outer Continental Shelf.

Office of Natural Resources Revenue

Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR)

ONRR collects, accounts for, and verifies revenues from natural resource extraction on federal and Native American land for the benefit of all Americans. ONRR collects revenue from energy and mineral leases for both onshore and offshore federal and Native American lands and disburses revenues to states, Native Americans, and the U.S. Treasury.

U.S. Department of the Treasury Seal

Department of the Treasury

The Treasury supports economic growth and stability in the U.S. and overseas, protects the U.S. financial system, and manages the federal government’s finances and resources.

Internal Revenue Service Seal

Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

The IRS collects corporate income taxes from corporations in the extractive industries, as well as income taxes from all other companies operating in these industries.

History

This site was originally built to support the United States' participation in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), which the U.S. joined in 2011.

In November 2017, the U.S. decided to no longer formally implement the EITI Standard, but remains a strong supporter of good governance and the principles of transparency represented by the EITI.

Learn more about the history of this site and review the archive.