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About This Site

The United States is a major developer of natural resources. The Department of the Interior (DOI) collects billions of dollars in annual revenue. Companies that lease federal lands and watersAn icon of a black question mark inside a circle that indicates more information. to develop oil, gas, or mineral resources pay revenue to DOI. These revenues are disbursed to the U.S. Treasury, other federal agencies, states, Native American tribes, and individual Native American mineral owners.

This site provides data and contextual information about how natural resources and their revenues are managed in the U.S.

Who's involved

Congress passes laws to govern the extraction of natural resources. Congress also governs the fiscal management of resulting revenue. Federal agencies develop regulations and rules to implement and enforce those laws. DOI has primary responsibility for implementing the relevant statutes and regulations.

Department of the Interior (DOI)

DOI protects and manages the nation’s natural resources and cultural heritage. It provides scientific and other information about those resources. DOI honors its trust responsibilities or special commitments to Native Americans, Alaska Natives, and affiliated island communities.

Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

BLM manages the exploration, development, and production of natural resources on federal lands. This management includes lease sales and the permitting and licensing processes. BLM also ensures that developers and operators comply with requirements and regulations. BLM collects revenue through bonus bids, first-year rentals, and fees.

Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE)

OSMRE implements requirements of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. OSMRE works with states and tribes to protect citizens and the environment during coal mining. It also ensures that land is restored to beneficial use after mining. OSMRE and its partners are also responsible for the Abandoned Mine Land reclamation program. This program aims to reclaim and restore lands and waters degraded by mining operations before 1977.

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)

BOEM manages responsible ocean energy development in federal submerged lands. This responsibility includes leasing, plan administration, environmental analysis, resource evaluation, and economic analysis. BOEM also updates leasing regulations for the Outer Continental Shelf . BOEM also manages the renewable energy program.

Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE)

BSEE is responsible for safety oversight of ocean energy development and production. This responsibility includes permitting, inspections, regulatory programs, and oil spill response. regulatory programs, and oil spill response. BSEE also updates rules governing operations on the Outer Continental ShelfAn icon of a black question mark inside a circle that indicates more information..

Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR)

ONRR collects, accounts for, and verifies revenues from natural resource extraction on federal and Native American lands for the benefit of all Americans. ONRR collects revenue from energy and mineral leases for both onshore and offshore federal and Native American lands. ONRR disburses revenues to states, Native Americans, and the U.S. Treasury.

Department of the Treasury

The Treasury supports economic growth and stability in the U.S. and overseas. The Treasury protects the U.S. financial system and manages the federal government’s finances and resources.

Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

The IRS collects corporate income taxes from corporations in the extractive industries. The IRS also collects income taxes from all other companies operating in these industries.


This site was originally built to support the United States' participation in the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) . The U.S. joined EITI in 2011.

In November 2017, the U.S. decided to withdraw from the EITI charter. The U.S. remains a strong supporter of good governance and the principles of transparency represented by the EITI.

More About Natural Resources Revenue Data

This Natural Resources Revenue Data website is maintained by ONRR. ONRR is part of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior. We follow DOI's department-wide policies and initiatives. If ONRR is not specifically listed on the DOI pages linked below, we are included within information for the Office of the Secretary.