Federal Revenue by Location
There are three types of federal-revenue-by-location datasets available on this site. One includes offshore data, another includes onshore data, and the third has data on revenues that aren’t associated with a specific location. We have versions of these datasets available for calendar and fiscal years 2006 through 2017. They are all accounting year data.
Download calendar year data:
Download fiscal year data:
We also have notes on this data from the web development team as they built the interactions on this site.
These datasets include natural resource revenues for U.S. Federal lands and offshore areas. It does not include Indian lands, privately-owned lands or U.S. state lands. The datasets currently include data tracked and managed by the Department of the Interior’s Office of Natural Resources Revenue.
Why are some values negative?
Companies can adjust and correct their payments for up to seven years after a transaction takes place. If a company overpays their royalty, rent, or bonus, they are entitled to recoup their overpayment. If the overpayment and recoupment happen in different years, the recoupment will appear as a negative amount in the Office of Natural Resources Revenue’s revenue summaries.
Why is there a Gas value, an Oil value and an Oil & Gas value?
“Oil & Gas” is the commodity category used for offshore oil and gas rents and bonuses. At the time of lease sale, it isn’t known whether a lease will produce oil, gas or both oil and gas. After a lease starts producing a commodity (or commodities), the lease owner starts paying royalties. These can then be associated with either oil or gas. Hence, rent and bonus lines of data will be associated with an “Oil & Gas” commodity type, while royalty lines of data will be associated with either “Oil” or “Gas” commodity types.
Why is the calendar year revenue by location national total slightly different than the revenue by company total?
Our site has two federal revenue datasets. The one on this page is organized by location. The federal revenue by company dataset is organized by the company that paid the revenue. However, the national revenue totals are slightly different (by about 90 million dollars). This is because the the company revenues dataset excludes revenue from offshore right-of-ways because they don’t map to an offshore planning area.
Note: Geothermal rate details
The fees and rates for revenue from geothermal resources on federal land depend on whether the land is leased competitively or noncompetitively.
Also, different fee rates apply to pre-2005 leases and to direct use facilities:
- For leases signed before the Energy Policy Act of 2005, the lessee’s reasonable actual transmission and generation costs are deducted from gross proceeds from electricity sales, and the resulting value is multiplied by the lease royalty rate (usually 10%).
- For direct use
, the lessee pays the equivalent value of the least expensive, reasonable alternative energy source. Thermal energy utilized must be measured by lessee at the inlet and outlet of facility. The resulting value is multiplied by the lease royalty rate of 10%.
The Bureau of Land Management has more information about geothermal energy on federal lands.
Offshore data dictionary
The offshore dataset is organized by offshore planning areas. There are more offshore planning areas than are represented in our data. Those not represented had no revenues for the years in the data. For a more information on offshore planning areas, including spatial boundaries, see the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management’s maps and GIS data.
Fields and definitions
Revenue Type Revenues from U.S. natural resources fall into one of several types:
- Royalties A natural resource lease owner pays royalties after the lease starts producing a commodity in paying quantities
. The amount is based on a percentage of the revenue from the commodity sold. The exact percentage is set in the original lease document that went along with the lease sale.
- Bonus The amount paid by the highest successful bidder for a natural resource lease. The winning bid.
- Other Revenues This category includes revenues that are not included in the royalty, rent, or bonus categories, such as minimum royalties, estimated royalties, settlement agreements, and interest.
- Rents A natural resource lease might not produce anything in paying quantities for some time after it is sold. Until it does, periodic payments are made for the right to continue exploration and development of the land for future natural resource production. These payments are called rent.
Commodity Type The Department of the Interior collects revenues on over 60 different products. The majority of revenues come from Oil & Gas, Coal and Renewables (Geothermal and Wind), but you will find many other product categories in these datasets.
Region The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management separates offshore area into four regions: Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic, Pacific and Alaska. For a more information on offshore regions, including spatial boundaries, see the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management’s maps and GIS data.
Planning Area Offshore regions are broken out into planning areas. For a more information on offshore planning areas, including spatial boundaries, see the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management’s maps and GIS data.
Revenue Total revenue.
Onshore data dictionary
The onshore dataset is organized by state. There are more states than are listed in this dataset. Those states without natural resource revenues in the data are not included.
Fields and definitions
Row Labels This field contains either a state name, or a commodity name. The state name always comes first with its commodity breakdowns below it.
Sum of Royalty/Revenue This field provides the total royalty or revenue for the listed state (total) or commodity in that state.
Advanced offshore and onshore information
Commodities can be further broken down into products. These are the products that could fall into the commodity categories found in these datasets.
Coal Coal (ton), Coal-Bituminous-Raw (ton).
Gas Coal Bed Methane (mcf), Flash Gas (mcf), Fuel Gas (mcf), Gas Hydrate (mcf), Gas Lost - Flared or Vented (mcf), Nitrogen (mcf), Processed (Residue) Gas (mcf), Unprocessed (Wet) Gas (mcf), NGL (Gas Plant Products).
Oil Asphaltic Crude (bbl), Black Wax Crude (bbl), Condensate (bbl), Drip or Scrubber Condensate (bbl), Drip or Scrubber Condensate (bbl), Fuel Oil (bbl), Inlet Scrubber (bbl), Oil (bbl), Oil Lost (bbl), Other Liquid Hydrocarbons (bbl), Sour Crude (bbl), Sweet Crude (bbl), Yellow Wax Crude (bbl).
Geothermal Geothermal - Direct Utilization, Hundreds of Gallons (cgal), Geothermal - Direct Utilization, Millions of BTUs (mmbtu), Geothermal - Electrical Generation, Kilowatt Hours (kwh), Geothermal - Electrical Generation, Thousands of Pounds (klb), Geothermal - sulfur (lton).
Other Commodities Anhydrous Sodium Sulfate (ton), Borax-Decahydrate (ton), Borax-Pentahydrate (ton), Boric Acid (ton), Carbon Dioxide Gas (CO2) (mcf), Cinders (ton), Clay (ton), Copper Concentrate (ton), Gilsonite (ton), Gold (ton), Gypsum (ton), Helium (bbl), Langbeinite (ton), Lead Concentrate (ton), Leonardite (ton), Limestone (ton), Magnesium Chloride Brine (ton), Manure Salts (ton), Muriate Of Potash-Granular (ton), Muriate Of Potash-Standard (ton), Other (ton), Phosphate Raw Ore (ton), Potash (ton), Purge Liquor (ton), Quartz Crystal (lb), Salt (ton), Sand/Gravel (ton), Sand/Gravel-Cubic Yards (cyd), Silver (oz), Soda Ash (ton), Sodium Bi-Carbonate (ton), Sodium Bisulfite (ton), Sodium Sesquicarbonate (ton), Sulfide (ton), Sulfur (lton), Sylvite-Raw Ore (ton), Trona Ore (ton), Zinc Concentrate (ton).