US Department of the Interior Natural Resources Revenue Data

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Alabama

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Alabama, extractive industries accounted for 1.5% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Much of the data on this site is limited to natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 2.6% of all land in Alabama.

Alabama also borders an offshore area with significant natural resource extraction, which may contribute to the state’s economy. For production and revenue data about offshore extraction near Alabama, see the Gulf of Mexico.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Alabama.

Alabama ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Wood-derived fuel: #3 in the nation (7% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Alabama.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.

Data and documentation

Coal

0 tons of coal were produced in Alabama in 2016.

Hydroelectric

7,720,695 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Alabama in 2016.

Crude oil

8,258,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Alabama in 2016.

Natural gas

0 mcf of natural gas were produced in Alabama in 2016.

Other biomass

46,026 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Alabama in 2016.

Solar

31,261 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Alabama in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

3,212,119 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Alabama in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Alabama.

Data and documentation

Gas

13,518,142 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Alabama in 2016.

County production

Baldwin County Escambia County Fayette County Lamar County Mobile County Tuscaloosa County Baldwin County Escambia County Fayette County Lamar County Mobile County Tuscaloosa County
County production of gas in 2016 (mcf)

Oil

49,222 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Alabama in 2016.

County production

Baldwin County Choctaw County Conecuh County Covington County Escambia County Lamar County Mobile County Baldwin County Choctaw County Conecuh County Covington County Escambia County Lamar County Mobile County
County production of oil in 2016 (bbl)

Data withheld

Production volume in Alabama was withheld for the following product(s):

  • Clay (’07)
  • Coal (’07–’16)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Revenue data on this site primarily includes non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.

Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Alabama, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$462,647
($240) $112,149 Oil $250,123 Gas $114,999 NGL $1,047 ($15,430)
Coal
Coal
$209,830
$0 $4,830 $59,039 $145,961
Other products
Sulfur
$1,350
$0 $0 $1,350 $0
All commodities
All commodities
$673,827
($240) $116,979 $426,558 $130,531

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.

Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $673,827 to produce natural resources on federal land in Alabama in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Baldwin Bibb Blount Chilton Clarke Conecuh Covington Escambia Etowah Fayette Greene Hale Jefferson Lamar Marshall Mobile Perry Pickens St Clair Shelby Tuscaloosa Baldwin Bibb Blount Chilton Clarke Conecuh Covington Escambia Etowah Fayette Greene Hale Jefferson Lamar Marshall Mobile Perry Pickens St Clair Shelby Tuscaloosa
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to promote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Alabama, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Alabama, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $1,900,708 to Alabama. This included revenues from both onshore and offshore extraction in or near Alabama:

  • $272,379 was from onshore revenues
  • $1,628,329 was from offshore revenues

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

This data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 1.5% of Alabama’s GDP, or $2,913,000,000

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.

Data and documentation

Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Alabama, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Autauga County Baldwin County Barbour County Blount County Choctaw County Clarke County Colbert County Covington County Cullman County Dallas County Elmore County Escambia County Etowah County Fayette County Franklin County Jackson County Jefferson County Lee County Macon County Madison County Marion County Marshall County Mobile County Montgomery County Morgan County Russell County Shelby County Talladega County Tuscaloosa County Walker County Washington County Autauga County Baldwin County Barbour County Blount County Choctaw County Clarke County Colbert County Covington County Cullman County Dallas County Elmore County Escambia County Etowah County Fayette County Franklin County Jackson County Jefferson County Lee County Macon County Madison County Marion County Marshall County Mobile County Montgomery County Morgan County Russell County Shelby County Talladega County Tuscaloosa County Walker County Washington County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

coal

In 2016, there were 2,246 coal jobs in Alabama.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were 2,163 nonenergy mineral jobs in Alabama.

oil and gas

In 2016, there were 948 oil and gas jobs in Alabama.

hydroelectric energy

In 2016, there were 47 hydroelectric energy jobs in Alabama.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.

Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2015, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Alabama.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Alabama.

Data and documentation

Coal

$698,000,000 worth of coal was exported from Alabama in 2015.

Oil

$122,430,000 worth of oil was exported from Alabama in 2015.