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California

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In California, extractive industries accounted for 0.3% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016.

California leads the nation in production of:

  • Geothermal: 72.4% of U.S. Production
  • Solar: 52.2% of U.S. Production
  • Other biomass: 13.3% of U.S. Production

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Much of the data on this site is limited to natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 45.8% of all land in California.

California also borders an offshore area with significant natural resource extraction, which may contribute to the state’s economy. For production and revenue data about offshore extraction near California, see the Pacific Ocean.

For a detailed view of how oil extraction affects communities in southern California, read the Kern County case study.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in California.

California ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Geothermal: #1 in the nation (72% of U.S. production)
  • Solar: #1 in the nation (52% of U.S. production)
  • Other biomass: #1 in the nation (13% of U.S. production)
  • Hydroelectric: #3 in the nation (10% of U.S. production)
  • Wood-derived fuel: #3 in the nation (7% of U.S. production)
  • Crude oil: #3 in the nation (5% of U.S. production)
  • Wind: #5 in the nation (5% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for California.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.

Downloads and documentation

Hydroelectric

28,942,121 Mwh of hydroelectric were produced in 2016.

Crude oil

186,079,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in 2016.

Geothermal

11,457,299 Mwh of geothermal were produced in 2016.

Natural gas

205,024,000 Mcf of natural gas were produced in 2016.

Other biomass

2,909,930 Mwh of other biomass were produced in 2016.

Solar

18,806,711 Mwh of solar were produced in 2016.

Wind

13,509,039 Mwh of wind were produced in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

3,029,285 Mwh of wood-derived fuel were produced in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in California.

Downloads and documentation

Gas

12,906,610 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in California in 2017.

County production

Contra Costa CountyFresno CountyGlenn CountyKern CountyKings CountyLos Angeles CountyMonterey CountySacramento CountySan Benito CountySan Joaquin CountySan Luis Obispo CountySanta Barbara CountySolano CountyTehama CountyVentura CountyContra Costa CountyFresno CountyGlenn CountyKern CountyKings CountyLos Angeles CountyMonterey CountySacramento CountySan Benito CountySan Joaquin CountySan Luis Obispo CountySanta Barbara CountySolano CountyTehama CountyVentura County
County production of gas in 2017 (mcf)

Geothermal

122,616 Direct Utilization, Millions of BTUs of geothermal were produced on federal land in California in 2017.

County production

Lassen CountyLassen County
County production of geothermal in 2017 (Direct Utilization, Millions of BTUs)

Geothermal

716,173,469 Electrical Generation, Kilowatt Hours of geothermal were produced on federal land in California in 2017.

County production

Imperial CountyInyo CountyMono CountyImperial CountyInyo CountyMono County
County production of geothermal in 2017 (Electrical Generation, Kilowatt Hours)

Geothermal

468,609 Electrical Generation, Other of geothermal were produced on federal land in California in 2017.

County production

Imperial CountyLassen CountyImperial CountyLassen County
County production of geothermal in 2017 (Electrical Generation, Other)

Geothermal

41,196,901 Electrical Generation, Thousands of Pounds of geothermal were produced on federal land in California in 2017.

County production

Lake CountySonoma CountyLake CountySonoma County
County production of geothermal in 2017 (Electrical Generation, Thousands of Pounds)

Geothermal

2,411 sulfur of geothermal energywere produced on federal land in California in 2017.

County production

Inyo CountyInyo County
County production of geothermal in 2017 (sulfur)

Oil

9,255,753 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in California in 2017.

County production

Contra Costa CountyFresno CountyKern CountyKings CountyLos Angeles CountyMonterey CountySacramento CountySan Benito CountySan Luis Obispo CountySanta Barbara CountySolano CountyVentura CountyContra Costa CountyFresno CountyKern CountyKings CountyLos Angeles CountyMonterey CountySacramento CountySan Benito CountySan Luis Obispo CountySanta Barbara CountySolano CountyVentura County
County production of oil in 2017 (bbl)

Salt

198,075 tons of salt were produced on federal land in California in 2017.

County production

San Bernardino CountySan Bernardino County
County production of salt in 2017 (tons)

Soda Ash

0 tons of soda ash were produced on federal land in California in 2017.

County production

San Bernardino CountySan Bernardino County
County production of soda ash in 2017 (tons)