US Department of the Interior Natural Resources Revenue Data

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Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Hawaii, extractive industries accounted for <1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Much of the data on this site is limited to natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 20% of all land in Hawaii.


Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Hawaii.

Hawaii ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Geothermal: #4 in the nation (1% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Hawaii.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.

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66,825 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Hawaii in 2017.


251,822 megawatt hours of geothermal energy were produced in Hawaii in 2017.

Other biomass

243,331 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Hawaii in 2017.


193,519 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Hawaii in 2017.


643,399 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Hawaii in 2017.

Wood-derived fuel

0 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Hawaii in 2017.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resources produced on federal land. According to that data, there was no natural resource production on federal land in Hawaii in 2017.

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Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Revenue data on this site primarily includes non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.

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Revenue from production on federal land by resource

No natural resources were produced on federal land in Hawaii in 2017, so ONRR did not collect any non-tax revenues.

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. The federal corporate income tax rate tops out at 21%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to promote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Hawaii, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.


After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Hawaii, see nationwide federal disbursements.

Hawaii did not receive any disbursements from ONRR in 2018. This is usually because there was no natural resource extraction on federal land in the state.

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We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

This data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

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GDP (dollars)

In 2016, extractive industries accounted for $77,000,000 or <1% of Hawaii’s GDP.

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.

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Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Hawaii, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Hawaii County Honolulu County Hawaii County Honolulu County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were 229 nonenergy mineral jobs in Hawaii.

solar energy

In 2016, there were 109 solar energy jobs in Hawaii.

wind energy

In 2016, there were 32 wind energy jobs in Hawaii.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.

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In 2016, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Hawaii.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Hawaii.

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$290,210,000 worth of oil was exported from Hawaii in 2015.