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Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Massachusetts, extractive industries accounted for 0.1% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016.

Massachusetts leads the nation in production of:

    Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Much of the data on this site is limited to natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 1.2% of all land in Massachusetts.


    Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Massachusetts.

    Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Massachusetts.

    The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.

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    712,516 Mwh of hydroelectric were produced in 2016.

    Other biomass

    1,075,330 Mwh of other biomass were produced in 2016.


    609,281 Mwh of solar were produced in 2016.


    216,123 Mwh of wind were produced in 2016.

    Wood-derived fuel

    128,822 Mwh of wood-derived fuel were produced in 2016.

    The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resources produced on federal land. According to that data, there was no natural resource production on federal land in Massachusetts in 2017.

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    Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

    Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Revenue data on this site primarily includes non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.

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    Revenue from production on federal land by resource

    No natural resources were produced on federal land in Massachusetts in 2017, so ONRR did not collect any non-tax revenues.

    Federal tax revenue

    Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. The federal corporate income tax rate tops out at 21%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to promote other policy goals.

    Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

    We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Massachusetts, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.


    After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

    Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Massachusetts, see nationwide federal disbursements.

    ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2017, ONRR disbursed $23,835 to Massachusetts.This included revenues from both onshore and offshore extraction in or near Massachusetts:

    • $0 was from onshore revenues
    • $23,835 was from offshore revenues

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    We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

    Economic impact

    This data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

    To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

    Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

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    GDP (dollars)

    In 2016, extractive industries accounted for $331,000,000 or 0.07% of Massachusetts’s GDP.

    The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state.

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