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Michigan

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Michigan, extractive industries accounted for 0.4% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016.

Michigan leads the nation in production of:

    Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Much of the data on this site is limited to natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 10.0% of all land in Michigan.

    For a detailed view of how iron mining affects communities in Michigan, read the Marquette County case study.

    Production

    Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Michigan.

    Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Michigan.

    The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.

    Downloads and documentation

    Hydroelectric

    1,564,355 Mwh of hydroelectric were produced in 2016.

    Natural gas

    100,599,000 Mcf of natural gas were produced in 2016.

    Other biomass

    972,596 Mwh of other biomass were produced in 2016.

    Solar

    9,235 Mwh of solar were produced in 2016.

    Wind

    4,695,783 Mwh of wind were produced in 2016.

    Wood-derived fuel

    1,522,489 Mwh of wood-derived fuel were produced in 2016.

    The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Michigan.

    Downloads and documentation

    Gas

    1,229,207 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Michigan in 2017.

    County production

    Alcona CountyAntrim CountyCalhoun CountyClare CountyCrawford CountyGrand Traverse CountyJackson CountyKalkaska CountyLake CountyMontmorency CountyOscoda CountyOtsego CountyRoscommon CountyAlcona CountyAntrim CountyCalhoun CountyClare CountyCrawford CountyGrand Traverse CountyJackson CountyKalkaska CountyLake CountyMontmorency CountyOscoda CountyOtsego CountyRoscommon County
    County production of gas in 2017 (mcf)

    Oil

    17,674 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Michigan in 2017.

    County production

    Allegan CountyCalhoun CountyClare CountyGrand Traverse CountyJackson CountyKalkaska CountyLake CountyNewaygo CountyOscoda CountyRoscommon CountyAllegan CountyCalhoun CountyClare CountyGrand Traverse CountyJackson CountyKalkaska CountyLake CountyNewaygo CountyOscoda CountyRoscommon County
    County production of oil in 2017 (bbl)

    Revenue

    Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

    Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Revenue data on this site primarily includes non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.

    Downloads and documentation

    Revenue from production on federal land by resource

    When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

    For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

    The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in Calendar year (CY) 2017 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Michigan, broken down by phase of production.

    Commodity1. Securing rights2. Before production3. During productionOther revenue
    Oil and Gas
    Oil & Gas
    $659,452
    $0$106,841Oil$90,531Gas$420,400NGL$24,040$17,641
    All commodities
    All commodities
    $659,453
    $0$106,841$534,971$17,641
    Commodity1. Securing rightsCompanies pay bonuses or other fees to secure rights to resources on federal land2. Before productionCompanies pay rent on federal land while exploring for resources3. During productionCompanies pay royalties after production beginsOther revenueMinimum or estimated royalties, settlements, and interest payments
    Oil and Gas
    Oil & Gas
    $659,452
    $0$106,841Oil$90,531Gas$420,400NGL$24,040$17,641
    OnshoreBonus: The amount offered by the highest bidder$1.50 annual rent per acre for 5 years
    $2 annual rent per acre thereafter
    12.5% of production value
    All commodities
    All commodities
    $659,453
    $0$106,841$534,971$17,641
    Other revenue streams
    Hardrock mining on public domain landsFederal revenue from hardrock mining on public domain land occurs through the claim-staking process and is managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). It is not included here, because the dataset does not have state-level data. Learn more about hardrock mining on federal land.
    Onshore solar and wind energyFederal revenue from onshore renewable energy generation on federal land is not included here, because that dataset, from BLM, does not have state-level data. Learn more about onshore renewables on federal land.
    To see how much was collected nationwide for all revenue types, including BLM revenues, see federal revenue by company.

    Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.

    Downloads and documentation

    Federal tax revenue

    Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. The federal corporate income tax rate tops out at 21%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to promote other policy goals.

    Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

    We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Michigan, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

    Disbursements

    After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

    Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Michigan, see nationwide federal disbursements.

    ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2017, ONRR disbursed $77,779 to Michigan.

    Downloads and documentation

    We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

    Economic impact

    This data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

    To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

    Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

    Downloads and documentation

    GDP (dollars)

    In 2016, extractive industries accounted for $2,004,000,000 or 0.41% of Michigan’s GDP.

    The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state.

    Downloads and documentation

    Gas

    $1,219,460,000worth of gas was exported from Michigan in 2015.

    Other nonenergy minerals

    $895,390,000worth of other nonenergy minerals was exported from Michigan in 2015.