US Department of the Interior Natural Resources Revenue Data

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Ohio

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Ohio, extractive industries accounted for 1.2% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015.

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Much of the data on this site is limited to natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 1.2% of all land in Ohio.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Ohio.

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Ohio.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.

Data and documentation

Coal

0 tons of coal were produced in Ohio in 2016.

Hydroelectric

517,486 megawatt hours of hydroelectric energy were produced in Ohio in 2016.

Crude oil

22,010,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in Ohio in 2016.

Natural gas

1,466,854,000 mcf of natural gas were produced in Ohio in 2016.

Other biomass

485,907 megawatt hours of other biomass energy were produced in Ohio in 2016.

Solar

82,720 megawatt hours of solar energy were produced in Ohio in 2016.

Wind

1,255,090 megawatt hours of wind energy were produced in Ohio in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

278,068 megawatt hours of wood-derived fuel energy were produced in Ohio in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Ohio.

Data and documentation

Gas

326,243 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Ohio in 2016.

County production

Athens County Hocking County Lawrence County Mahoning County Monroe County Muskingum County Perry County Portage County Stark County Trumbull County Washington County Athens County Hocking County Lawrence County Mahoning County Monroe County Muskingum County Perry County Portage County Stark County Trumbull County Washington County
County production of gas in 2016 (mcf)

Oil

10,935 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Ohio in 2016.

County production

Athens County Hocking County Licking County Mahoning County Monroe County Muskingum County Perry County Portage County Stark County Trumbull County Washington County Athens County Hocking County Licking County Mahoning County Monroe County Muskingum County Perry County Portage County Stark County Trumbull County Washington County
County production of oil in 2016 (bbl)

Data withheld

Production volume in Ohio was withheld for the following product(s):

  • Coal (’09)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Revenue data on this site primarily includes non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.

Data and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters, they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner. This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land: coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction. This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in 2016 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Ohio, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity 1. Securing rights 2. Before production 3. During production Other revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$217,351
$0 $20,889 Oil $73,768 Gas $64,126 $58,568
All commodities
All commodities
$217,351
$0 $20,889 $137,894 $58,568

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.

Data and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid $217,351 to produce natural resources on federal land in Ohio in 2016.

Revenue collected by County

Athens Gallia Hocking Lawrence Licking Mahoning Monroe Muskingum Perry Portage Ross Stark Trumbull Tuscarawas Vinton Washington Athens Gallia Hocking Lawrence Licking Mahoning Monroe Muskingum Perry Portage Ross Stark Trumbull Tuscarawas Vinton Washington
County revenue in 2016

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. Depending on company income, federal corporate income tax rates can range from 15–35%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to promote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Ohio, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Ohio, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2016, ONRR disbursed $71,846 to Ohio.

Data and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

Economic impact

This data covers gross domestic product and two different types of jobs data.

To learn more about direct energy employment across all sectors of the U.S. economy, another useful resource is 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy. This report has a separate state-by-state analysis of energy employment.

Data about each state’s gross domestic product comes from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Data and documentation

GDP (dollars)

In 2015, extractive industries accounted for 1.2% of Ohio’s GDP, or $7,568,000,000

Employment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics describes the number of people who receive wages or salaries from companies.

Data and documentation

Extractive industry jobs

In 2016, there were jobs in the extractive industries in Ohio, and they accounted for <1% of statewide employment.

Extractive industry jobs by county

Adams County Allen County Ashland County Ashtabula County Belmont County Butler County Carroll County Clark County Clermont County Clinton County Columbiana County Coshocton County Cuyahoga County Delaware County Fairfield County Franklin County Gallia County Geauga County Guernsey County Hamilton County Harrison County Highland County Hocking County Holmes County Jackson County Jefferson County Knox County Lake County Licking County Logan County Lorain County Lucas County Marion County Medina County Meigs County Miami County Monroe County Montgomery County Morgan County Morrow County Muskingum County Noble County Ottawa County Paulding County Perry County Portage County Preble County Richland County Ross County Sandusky County Scioto County Seneca County Stark County Summit County Trumbull County Tuscarawas County Union County Warren County Washington County Wayne County Williams County Wood County Wyandot County Adams County Allen County Ashland County Ashtabula County Belmont County Butler County Carroll County Clark County Clermont County Clinton County Columbiana County Coshocton County Cuyahoga County Delaware County Fairfield County Franklin County Gallia County Geauga County Guernsey County Hamilton County Harrison County Highland County Hocking County Holmes County Jackson County Jefferson County Knox County Lake County Licking County Logan County Lorain County Lucas County Marion County Medina County Meigs County Miami County Monroe County Montgomery County Morgan County Morrow County Muskingum County Noble County Ottawa County Paulding County Perry County Portage County Preble County Richland County Ross County Sandusky County Scioto County Seneca County Stark County Summit County Trumbull County Tuscarawas County Union County Warren County Washington County Wayne County Williams County Wood County Wyandot County
County employment in extractive industries (jobs, 2016)

Wage and salary jobs by commodity

Jobs are categorized according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). To learn more about how we grouped those categories, see data and documentation.

Geothermal, hydroelectric, solar, and wind energy categories are limited to jobs directly related to electrical energy generation. To learn more about all energy-related employment, see the 2017 U.S. Energy and Employment Report from the Department of Energy.

oil and gas

In 2016, there were 5,808 oil and gas jobs in Ohio.

nonenergy mineral

In 2016, there were 3,432 nonenergy mineral jobs in Ohio.

coal

In 2016, there were 513 coal jobs in Ohio.

hydroelectric energy

In 2016, there were hydroelectric energy jobs in Ohio.

wind energy

In 2016, there were wind energy jobs in Ohio.

solar energy

In 2016, there were 23 solar energy jobs in Ohio.

Self-employment data, from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, describes people who work in natural resource extraction, but don’t receive wages or salaries because they own their own companies.

Data and documentation

Self-employment

In 2015, there were self-employed people working in the extractive industries in Ohio.

The U.S. Census Bureau collects information about the top 25 exports in each state. In 2015, one or more natural resources ranked among the top 25 exports from Ohio.

Data and documentation

Gold

$317,280,000 worth of gold was exported from Ohio in 2015.