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U.S. Department of the Interior Natural Resources Revenue Data wordmark with oil platform rig pulling up a dollar sign

Texas

Land ownership

Federal land represents 1.8% of all land in Texas.

2 energy or mineral commodities were produced on federal land in Texas in calendar year 2018.


Production on federal land in Texas resulted in $18,201,562 in calendar year 2019 revenue.


Revenue from federal land resulted in $65,121,458 disbursed from the federal government to Texas in fiscal year 2019.


Texas also borders an offshore area with significant natural resource extraction, which may contribute to the state’s economy. For production and revenue data about offshore extraction near Texas, see the Gulf of Mexico.

For a detailed view of how natural gas extraction affects communities in Texas, read the case study on Tarrant and Johnson Counties.

Production

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Texas.

Downloads and documentation

Gas

27,308,872 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Texas in 2018.

County production

Bowie CountyBrazoria CountyBurleson CountyDenton CountyFreestone CountyGalveston CountyGrayson CountyHarrison CountyHemphill CountyHidalgo CountyHill CountyHouston CountyJackson CountyJasper CountyJohnson CountyJones CountyKarnes CountyLee CountyLive Oak CountyMcMullen CountyMontague CountyMontgomery CountyNacogdoches CountyNewton CountyNueces CountyOchiltree CountyParker CountySabine CountySan Augustine CountySan Jacinto CountyShelby CountyStarr CountyTarrant CountyTaylor CountyWalker CountyWashington CountyWheeler CountyWilbarger CountyWise CountyZapata County
County production of gas in 2018 (mcf)

Oil

822,458 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Texas in 2018.

County production

Bowie CountyBrazoria CountyBurleson CountyChambers CountyDenton CountyFreestone CountyGalveston CountyGray CountyGrayson CountyHarrison CountyHemphill CountyHidalgo CountyHouston CountyJackson CountyJasper CountyJones CountyKarnes CountyLee CountyLive Oak CountyMcMullen CountyMontague CountyMontgomery CountyNacogdoches CountyNewton CountyNueces CountyOchiltree CountyParker CountySabine CountySan Augustine CountySan Jacinto CountyShelby CountyStarr CountyTarrant CountyWashington CountyWheeler CountyWilbarger CountyWise CountyZapata County
County production of oil in 2018 (bbl)

Revenue

Companies pay a wide range of fees, rates, and taxes to extract natural resources in the United States. What companies pay to federal, state, and local governments often depends on who owns the natural resources.

Natural resource extraction can lead to federal revenue in two ways: non-tax revenue and tax revenue. Revenue data on this site primarily includes non-tax revenue from extractive industry activities on federal land.

Downloads and documentation

Revenue from production on federal land by resource

When companies extract natural resources on federal lands and waters , they pay royalties, rents, bonuses, and other fees, much like they would to any landowner . This non-tax revenue is collected and reported by the Office of Natural Resources Revenue (ONRR).

For details about the laws and policies that govern how rights are awarded to companies and what they pay to extract natural resources on federal land : coal, oil and gas, renewable resources, and hardrock minerals.

The federal government collects different kinds of fees at each phase of natural resource extraction . This chart shows how much federal revenue was collected in calendar year (CY)2019 for production or potential production of natural resources on federal land in Texas, broken down by phase of production.

Commodity1. Securing rights2. Before production3. During productionOther revenue
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$18,195,607
$6,408,058$207,743Oil $2,075,614Gas $7,187,694NGL $1,388,447$928,051
Other products
Carbon dioxide
$5,953
$0$0$5,953$0
All commodities
All commodities
$18,201,562
$6,408,058$207,743$10,657,710$928,051
Commodity1. Securing rightsCompanies pay bonuses or other fees to secure rights to resources on federal land2. Before productionCompanies pay rent on federal land while exploring for resources3. During productionCompanies pay royalties after production beginsOther revenueMinimum or estimated royalties, settlements, and interest payments
Oil and Gas
Oil & Gas
$18,195,607
$6,408,058$207,743Oil $2,075,614Gas $7,187,694NGL $1,388,447$928,051
OnshoreBonus: The amount offered by the highest bidder$1.50 annual rent per acre for 5 years
$2 annual rent per acre thereafter
12.5% of production value
Other products
Mining claim fees$40 location fee $20 processing fee $165 maintenance feeRoyalty rates are determined by leasing officers on an individual case basis (no minimums apply)
All commodities
All commodities
$18,201,562
$6,408,058$207,743$10,657,710$928,051
Other revenue streams
Hardrock mining on public domain landsFederal revenue from hardrock mining on public domain land occurs through the claim-staking process and is managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). It is not included here, because the dataset does not have state-level data. Learn more about hardrock mining on federal land.
Onshore solar and wind energyFederal revenue from onshore renewable energy generation on federal land is not included here, because that dataset, from BLM, does not have state-level data. Learn more about onshore renewables on federal land.
To see how much was collected nationwide for all revenue types, including BLM revenues, see federal revenue by company.

Most non-tax revenue collected by ONRR comes from counties with significant natural resources on federal land.

Downloads and documentation

All commodities

Companies paid 18,201,562 to produce natural resources on federal land in Texas in 2019.

Revenue collected by county

AngelinaBowieBrazoriaBrazosBurlesonChambersDallamDentonDe WittFanninFayetteFreestoneGalvestonGrayGraysonHarrisonHemphillHidalgoHillHoustonJacksonJasperJeffersonJohnsonKarnesLeeLive OakMcmullenMontagueMontgomeryNacogdochesNewtonNuecesOchiltreeParkerPecosRobertsonSabineSan AugustineSan JacintoShelbyShermanStarrTarrantTaylorTerryTom GreenTrinityWalkerWashingtonWheelerWillacyWiseZapata
Revenue by county in 2019

Federal tax revenue

Individuals and corporations (specifically C-corporations) pay income taxes to the IRS. The federal corporate income tax rate tops out at 21%. Public policy provisions, such as tax expenditures, can decrease corporate income tax and other revenue payments in order to promote other policy goals.

Learn more about revenue from extraction on all lands and waters.

We don’t have detailed data about federal, state, or local revenue from natural resource extraction on land owned by Texas, corporations, or individuals. However, companies generally must pay state and local taxes.

Disbursements

After collecting revenue from natural resource extraction, the Office of Natural Resources Revenue distributes that money to different agencies, funds, and local governments for public use. This process is called “disbursement.”

Most federal revenue disbursements go into national funds. For detailed data about which expenditures and projects from those national funds are in Texas, see nationwide federal disbursements.

ONRR also disburses some revenue from natural resource extraction to state governments. In 2019, ONRR disbursed $65,121,458 to Texas. This included revenues from both onshore and offshore extraction in or near Texas:

  • $4,792,639 was from onshore revenues
  • $2,436,980 was from offshore revenues

State and local governments in Texas receive a portion of revenue generated from offshore oil and gas production under the Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act (GOMESA).

RecipientFY2020
State of Texas$76,227,145.73
Aransas County$772,632.69
Brazoria County$1,267,015.77
Calhoun County$1,034,675.74
Cameron County$1,111,917.29
Chambers County$652,884.63
Galveston County$1,662,925.78
Harris County$3,706,345.68
Jackson County$496,817.57
Jefferson County$1,281,692.80
Kenedy County$1,065,791.46
Kleberg County$769,772.18
Matagorda County$1,473,898.11
Nueces County$1,018,807.82
Orange County$630,584.03
Refugio County$476,238.54
San Patricio County$500,448.31
Victoria County$515,446.15
Willacy County$618,891.86

Downloads and documentation

We don’t have detailed data about how states or local governments distribute revenue from natural resource extraction.

State governance

Because Texas has significant natural resource extraction, we gathered additional information about state agencies and regulations that govern natural resource extraction in Texas: