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Texas

Land ownership

Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Texas, extractive industries accounted for 7.0% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016.

Texas leads the nation in production of:

  • Crude oil: 36.1% of U.S. Production
  • Wind: 25.3% of U.S. Production
  • Natural gas: 24.9% of U.S. Production

Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Much of the data on this site is limited to natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 1.8% of all land in Texas.

Texas also borders an offshore area with significant natural resource extraction, which may contribute to the state’s economy. For production and revenue data about offshore extraction near Texas, see the Gulf of Mexico.

For a detailed view of how natural gas extraction affects communities in Texas, read the case study on Tarrant and Johnson Counties.

Production

Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Texas.

Texas ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:

  • Crude oil: #1 in the nation (36% of U.S. production)
  • Wind: #1 in the nation (25% of U.S. production)
  • Natural gas: #1 in the nation (24% of U.S. production)

Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Texas.

The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.

Downloads and documentation

Coal

39,000,584 tons of coal were produced in 2016.

Hydroelectric

1,342,005 Mwh of hydroelectric were produced in 2016.

Crude oil

1,166,540,000 barrels of crude oil were produced in 2016.

Natural gas

8,133,837,000 Mcf of natural gas were produced in 2016.

Other biomass

735,042 Mwh of other biomass were produced in 2016.

Solar

730,810 Mwh of solar were produced in 2016.

Wind

57,530,784 Mwh of wind were produced in 2016.

Wood-derived fuel

947,653 Mwh of wood-derived fuel were produced in 2016.

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production on federal land in Texas.

Downloads and documentation

Gas

34,341,801 mcf of gas were produced on federal land in Texas in 2017.

County production

Bowie CountyBrazoria CountyBrazos CountyBurleson CountyDenton CountyFreestone CountyGalveston CountyGrayson CountyHarrison CountyHemphill CountyHidalgo CountyHill CountyHouston CountyJackson CountyJasper CountyJohnson CountyJones CountyKarnes CountyLee CountyLive Oak CountyMcMullen CountyMontague CountyMontgomery CountyNacogdoches CountyNewton CountyNueces CountyOchiltree CountyParker CountySabine CountySan Augustine CountySan Jacinto CountyShelby CountyStarr CountyTarrant CountyTaylor CountyWalker CountyWashington CountyWheeler CountyWilbarger CountyWise CountyZapata CountyBowie CountyBrazoria CountyBrazos CountyBurleson CountyDenton CountyFreestone CountyGalveston CountyGrayson CountyHarrison CountyHemphill CountyHidalgo CountyHill CountyHouston CountyJackson CountyJasper CountyJohnson CountyJones CountyKarnes CountyLee CountyLive Oak CountyMcMullen CountyMontague CountyMontgomery CountyNacogdoches CountyNewton CountyNueces CountyOchiltree CountyParker CountySabine CountySan Augustine CountySan Jacinto CountyShelby CountyStarr CountyTarrant CountyTaylor CountyWalker CountyWashington CountyWheeler CountyWilbarger CountyWise CountyZapata County
County production of gas in 2017 (mcf)

Oil

417,442 barrels of oil were produced on federal land in Texas in 2017.

County production

Bowie CountyBrazoria CountyBrazos CountyBurleson CountyChambers CountyDenton CountyFreestone CountyGalveston CountyGray CountyGrayson CountyHarrison CountyHemphill CountyHidalgo CountyHouston CountyJackson CountyJasper CountyJones CountyKarnes CountyLee CountyLive Oak CountyMcMullen CountyMontague CountyMontgomery CountyNacogdoches CountyNewton CountyNueces CountyOchiltree CountyParker CountySabine CountySan Augustine CountySan Jacinto CountyShelby CountyStarr CountyTarrant CountyWashington CountyWheeler CountyWilbarger CountyWise CountyZapata CountyBowie CountyBrazoria CountyBrazos CountyBurleson CountyChambers CountyDenton CountyFreestone CountyGalveston CountyGray CountyGrayson CountyHarrison CountyHemphill CountyHidalgo CountyHouston CountyJackson CountyJasper CountyJones CountyKarnes CountyLee CountyLive Oak CountyMcMullen CountyMontague CountyMontgomery CountyNacogdoches CountyNewton CountyNueces CountyOchiltree CountyParker CountySabine CountySan Augustine CountySan Jacinto CountyShelby CountyStarr CountyTarrant CountyWashington CountyWheeler CountyWilbarger CountyWise CountyZapata County
County production of oil in 2017 (bbl)