Natural resource extraction varies widely from state to state. In Texas, extractive industries accounted for 7.0% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2016.
Texas leads the nation in production of:
- Crude oil: 36.1% of U.S. Production
- Wind: 25.3% of U.S. Production
- Natural gas: 24.9% of U.S. Production
Natural resource ownership in the U.S. is closely tied to land ownership. Land can be owned by citizens, corporations, Indian tribes or individuals, or governments (for instance, federal, state, or local governments). Much of the data on this site is limited to natural resource extraction on federal land, which represents 1.8% of all land in Texas.
Texas also borders an offshore area with significant natural resource extraction, which may contribute to the state’s economy. For production and revenue data about offshore extraction near Texas, see the Gulf of Mexico.
For a detailed view of how natural gas extraction affects communities in Texas, read the case study on Tarrant and Johnson Counties.
Energy production: The U.S. Energy Information Administration publishes a profile of energy production and usage in Texas.
Texas ranks among the top five states in the U.S. for production of:
- Crude oil: #1 in the nation (36% of U.S. production)
- Wind: #1 in the nation (25% of U.S. production)
- Natural gas: #1 in the nation (24% of U.S. production)
Nonenergy minerals: The U.S. Geological Survey publishes information about nonenergy mineral extraction in the USGS Minerals Yearbook for Texas.
Energy production in the entire state of Texas
The Energy Information Administration collects data about all energy-related natural resources produced on federal, state, and privately owned land.
Production on federal land in Texas
The Office of Natural Resources Revenue collects detailed data about natural resource production