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Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act (GOMESA)

The Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act (GOMESA) of 2006 created a revenue-sharing model for oil- and gas-producing gulf states. Under the act, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas receive a portion of the revenue generated from oil and gas production offshore in the Gulf of Mexico. The act also directs a portion of revenue to the Land and Water Conservation Fund.

Revenue sharing

The Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act of 2006 (PDF) (GOMESA) created revenue-sharing provisions for four states and their coastal political subdivisions :
  • Alabama
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi
  • Texas

GOMESA disbursements

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue disburses GOMESA revenue to both state and local governments for each of the four GOMESA states. The numbers below show the disbursements to the states and their local governments.

Alabama

RecipientFiscal Year 2020 Disbursement
State of Alabama$40,037,409
Baldwin County$4,558,745
Mobile County$5,450,607
Alabama Total$50,046,762

Louisiana

RecipientFiscal Year 2020 Disbursement
State of Louisiana$124,574,776
Assumption Parish$1,034,103
Calcasieu Parish$1,638,989
Cameron Parish$2,092,861
Iberia Parish$1,636,191
Jefferson Parish$2,583,809
Lafourche Parish$1,619,485
Livingston Parish$1,295,216
Orleans Parish$2,141,905
Plaquemines Parish$3,049,637
St. Bernard Parish$1,468,662
St. Charles Parish$1,105,910
St. James Parish$964,995
St. John The Baptist Parish$1,042,878
St. Martin Parish$1,160,081
St. Mary Parish$1,364,113
St. Tammany Parish$1,702,329
Tangipahoa Parish$1,246,809
Terrebonne Parish$2,377,137
Vermilion Parish$1,618,587
Louisiana Total$155,718,470

Mississippi

RecipientFiscal Year 2020 Disbursement
State of Mississippi$41,531,181
Hancock County$1,971,126
Harrison County$4,035,776
Jackson County$4,375,894
Mississippi Total$51,913,976

Texas

RecipientFiscal Year 2020 Disbursement
State of Texas$76,227,146
Aransas County$772,633
Brazoria County$1,267,016
Calhoun County$1,034,676
Cameron County$1,111,917
Chambers County$652,885
Galveston County$1,662,926
Harris County$3,706,346
Jackson County$496,818
Jefferson County$1,281,693
Kenedy County$1,065,791
Kleberg County$769,772
Matagorda County$1,473,898
Nueces County$1,018,808
Orange County$630,584
Refugio County$476,239
San Patricio County$500,448
Victoria County$515,446
Willacy County$618,892
Texas Total$95,283,932

Land and Water Conservation Fund

The act also directs a portion of gulf revenue to the Land and Water Conservation Fund, which supports preservation, development, and access to outdoor lands for public recreation.

Purpose of funds

GOMESA funds are to be used for coastal conservation, restoration, and hurricane protection.

Phases

There are two phases of GOMESA revenue sharing:
Phase I: Since 2007, 37.5% of all qualified gulf revenues are shared among the four states and their coastal political subdivisions. Revenues are generated from leases in specific geographic areas defined in the act. Additionally, 12.5% of revenues are disbursed to the Land and Water Conservation Fund.
Phase II: The second phase of GOMESA revenue sharing started in fiscal year 2017. It expands the areas that qualify for revenue-sharing (PDF) under GOMESA.
Phase II also imposes revenue-sharing caps on states and the Land and Water Conservation Fund. Overall state revenue-sharing caps are:
  • $375 million for fiscal years 2017–2019
  • $487.5 million for fiscal years 2020 and 2021
  • $375 million for fiscal years 2022–2055
The cap is lifted beginning in fiscal year 2056.

Expanded leasing area

The act stipulated 8.3 million acres be offered for oil and gas leasing shortly after the enactment of the statute. This acreage is included in the Central Gulf Planning Area and the Eastern Gulf Planning Area.

Extended moratorium

The GOMESA Moratorium covers a portion of the Central Gulf of Mexico Planning Area and — until 2022 — most of the Eastern Gulf of Mexico Planning Area.