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Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act (GOMESA)

The Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act (GOMESA) of 2006 created a revenue-sharing model for oil- and gas-producing gulf states. Under the act, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas receive a portion of the revenue generated from oil and gas production offshore in the Gulf of Mexico. The act also directs a portion of revenue to the Land and Water Conservation Fund.

Revenue sharing

The Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act of 2006 (PDF) (GOMESA) created revenue-sharing provisions for four states and their coastal political subdivisions:
  • Alabama
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi
  • Texas

GOMESA disbursements

The Office of Natural Resources Revenue disburses GOMESA revenue to both state and local governments for each of the four GOMESA states. The numbers below show the disbursements to the states and their local governments and are made the year following the year of receipt and subject to sequestration.

Alabama

RecipientFiscal Year 2021 Disbursement
State of Alabama$28,043,424
Baldwin County$3,194,877
Mobile County$3,815,979
Alabama Total$35,054,281

Louisiana

RecipientFiscal Year 2021 Disbursement
State of Louisiana$87,959,009
Assumption Parish$730,415
Calcasieu Parish$1,157,927
Cameron Parish$1,479,017
Iberia Parish$1,156,003
Jefferson Parish$1,824,146
Lafourche Parish$1,143,535
Livingston Parish$914,542
Orleans Parish$1,512,051
Plaquemines Parish$2,149,994
St. Bernard Parish$1,035,622
St. Charles Parish$780,781
St. James Parish$681,467
St. John The Baptist Parish$736,370
St. Martin Parish$819,457
St. Mary Parish$963,785
St. Tammany Parish$1,201,628
Tangipahoa Parish$880,267
Terrebonne Parish$1,678,917
Vermilion Parish$1,143,827
Louisiana Total$109,948,762

Mississippi

RecipientFiscal Year 2021 Disbursement
State of Mississippi$29,216,818
Hancock County$1,388,585
Harrison County$2,840,169
Jackson County$3,075,451
Mississippi Total$36,521,022

Texas

RecipientFiscal Year 2021 Disbursement
State of Texas$53,907,235
Aransas County$546,276
Brazoria County$896,052
Calhoun County$731,264
Cameron County$786,227
Chambers County$462,056
Galveston County$1,176,357
Harris County$2,621,286
Jackson County$351,200
Jefferson County$906,860
Kenedy County$753,718
Kleberg County$544,409
Matagorda County$1,041,781
Nueces County$720,487
Orange County$446,265
Refugio County$336,638
San Patricio County$353,888
Victoria County$364,420
Willacy County$437,626
Texas Total$67,384,044

Land and Water Conservation Fund

The act also directs a portion of gulf revenue to the Land and Water Conservation Fund, which supports preservation, development, and access to outdoor lands for public recreation.

Purpose of funds

GOMESA funds are to be used for coastal conservation, restoration, and hurricane protection.

Phases

There are two phases of GOMESA revenue sharing:
Phase I: Since 2007, 37.5% of all qualified gulf revenues are shared among the four states and their coastal political subdivisions. Revenues are generated from leases in specific geographic areas defined in the act. Additionally, 12.5% of revenues are disbursed to the Land and Water Conservation Fund.
Phase II: The second phase of GOMESA revenue sharing started in fiscal year 2017. It expands the areas that qualify for revenue-sharing (PDF) under GOMESA.
Phase II also imposes revenue-sharing caps on states and the Land and Water Conservation Fund. Overall state revenue-sharing caps are:
  • $375 million for fiscal years 2017–2019
  • $487.5 million for fiscal years 2020 and 2021
  • $375 million for fiscal years 2022–2055
The cap is lifted beginning in fiscal year 2056.

Expanded leasing area

The act stipulated 8.3 million acres be offered for oil and gas leasing shortly after the enactment of the statute. This acreage is included in the Central Gulf Planning Area and the Eastern Gulf Planning Area.

Extended moratorium

The GOMESA Moratorium covers a portion of the Central Gulf of Mexico Planning Area and — until 2022 — most of the Eastern Gulf of Mexico Planning Area.